A herniated or ruptured disk is one of the most common causes of lower back pain, tingling and numbness. The disks within the spine reside between the back bones, otherwise referred to as vertebrae. These intervertebral disks provide cushioning and stability to the spine. Over time however, the edges of the disks may deteriorate, causing a disk bulge. This typically occurs in the lower (lumbar) spine. Leg tingling and pain often accompanies disk herniation and rupture. This injury can be particularly disruptive due to its affiliation between the spinal cord, nerves, and vertebrae. If symptoms persist in spite of nonsurgical treatment, lumbar discectomy may be beneficial.
During a Lumbar Discectomy, your surgeon will remove part or all of the degenerated disk and surrounding tissue. This can be achieved through one or more small incisions in the lower back. Removal of the damaged disk alleviates pressure on the spinal cord, allowing the nerves to heal.
Imaging testing such as x-ray and MRI may be performed prior to surgery in order to determine the location and degree of disk degeneration. After surgery, patients are encouraged to walk. Strenuous activity such as bending and lifting are highly restricted in order to prevent further injury. The majority of patient experience pain relief within a number of weeks or months following a Lumbar Discectomy.